How did the sewing machine evolve?

Written by Bruce Hughes on . Posted in Family

The sewing machine is a device that has been used for ages to stitch together pieces of fabric (or other materials), using thread. Even if they seem to be using advanced technologies, due to their precisions and features, the sewing machines were invented many years ago, during the first Industrial Revolution, because there was a great need of reducing the amount of manual work made by people who worked in clothing companies. The first working machine is considered to have been created by the Englishman Thomas Saint in 1790. Ever since, it first appeared, this tool has been a vital element for the clothing industry, managing to streamline production, increase efficiency and improve the results and products offered by manufacturers.


Which are the main types of sewing machines?

There are many types of sewing machines, but they can broadly be classified in two categories: home and industrial machines. The first category is suitable for a single person and only one item, because it uses a singular stitch type. In the beginning, sewing machines used more rudimentary techniques and required a certain amount of manual action, but nowadays modern machines are extremely smooth and mostly automated. The material just glides in and out of the machine, without any inconvenience or manual activity, and the thread stiches the parts together. The second category includes the industrial devices, which are much larger, faster and vary in terms of price and appearance, depending on the industry for which they are used. However, both types use the same systems and parts (needles, thimbles etc).

When did the sewing machine appear?

The history of sewing machines dates back hundreds of years ago, in 1755. Back then, Charles Fredrick Wiesenthal (a German engineer living in England) was given the patent for creating a mechanical device that could perform the sewing and replace manual activity, by the means of a double pointed needle with one eye. After a while, in 1790, Thomas Saint, the official inventor of the sewing machine came up with the first design, but his invention was not very well received by the specialized market. This was mostly due to the fact that the device was only suitable to materials such as leather and canvas, so its use was limited.


How did the sewing machine reach its current form?

Even if initially, the tools were only used in the industrial domain, to ease the job of those who worked in the clothing industry. Later on, their use expanded, their features multiplied and the designs became smoother and smoother. The electric sewing machine appeared in 1889, was launched by Singer Sewing Co. and managed to revolutionize the whole concept. A significant event in the evolution of sewing machines happened in1968, when the traditional manufacturing line of William Jones was bought by the Japanese company, Brother Industries. Brother sewing machines are nowadays very reputable due to their efficiency, and a lot of people who are passionate about tailoring and clothing use these models.